Development of a 2-MW, CW coaxial gyrotron at 70 GHz and test facility for ITER

J.-P. Hogge, S. Alberti, A. Arnold, D. Bariou, P. Benin, T. Bonicelli, A. Bruschi, R. Chavan, S. Cirant, O. Dumbrajs, D. Fasel, F. Gandini, E. Giguet, T. Goodman, R. Heidinger, M. Henderson, S. Illy, J. Jin, C. Lievin, R. MagneP. Marmillod, P.-L. Mondino, A. Perez, B. Piosczyk, L. Porte, T. Rzesnicki, M. Santinelli, M. Thumm, M.Q. Tran, I. Yovchev

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In ITER, EC heating and current drive (H&CD) is foreseen not only as a principal auxiliary system for plasma heating and as assist for plasma start-up, but is considered essential in meeting the key requirement of neoclassical tearing mode (NTM) stabilisation, by localized current drive. In the reference ECH design, ITER requires a total of 20 MW/CW power at 170 GHz using gyrotrons with a unit power of 1 MW. A higher power per unit (2 MW/gyrotron) would result in a strong reduction of the cost of the whole ECRH system, and would also relax the room constraints on the launcher antenna design. In view of the capability of coaxial cavity gyrotrons demonstrated with short pulse experiments at FZK, the European Fusion Development Agreement (EFDA) has started in 2003 the development of an industrial 170 GHz 2 MW/CW coaxial cavity gyrotron, in a collaborative effort between European research associations CRPP/EPFL, FZK, TEKES and Thals Electron Devices (TED). The development plan includes three steps to reach successively 2 MW/1s, 2 MW/60s and finally 2 MW/CW operation. The procurement of the first prototype is in progress and it scheduled to be delivered during the first quarter of 2006. The experimental tests of the prototypes will be carried out at CRPP/EPFL, where an ITER relevant test facility is presently under construction and will be achieved during the second half of 2005. The test facility is designed to be flexible enough, allowing the possible commissioning of tubes with different characteristics, as well the tests of the launcher antenna at full performances. © 2005 IOP Publishing Ltd.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)33 - 44
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Physics: Conference Series
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2005
Externally publishedYes


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Hogge, J-P., Alberti, S., Arnold, A., Bariou, D., Benin, P., Bonicelli, T., ... Yovchev, I. (2005). Development of a 2-MW, CW coaxial gyrotron at 70 GHz and test facility for ITER. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 25(1), 33 - 44.