Development of a Thermal-Hydraulic Model for the European DEMO TF Coil

Roberto Zanino, Roberto Bonifetto, Ortensia Dicuonzo, Luigi Muzzi, Giuseppe F. Nallo, Laura Savoldi, Simonetta Turtu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)


In the framework of the 'roadmap to fusion electricity by 2050,' the design of the European DEMO machine strongly relies on available technologies. The superconducting toroidal field (TF) magnets will be built using available low-temperature superconducting strands; the ENEA winding pack (WP) proposal will exploit graded layer-wound rectangular conductors, whose design is ongoing. The WP will be encapsulated in a stainless steel casing, whose cooling has not yet been designed. In this paper, we present the thermal-hydraulic (TH) model of an entire TF coil for the European demonstration power plant DEMO. Two cooling options are proposed and investigated for the casing, whereas for the WP, the ENEA design, with multiple low-impedance hydraulic channels, is considered. The thermal coupling between WP and casing is parametrically included in the model. The TH behavior of a TF coil (WP + casing) during a plasma burn is presented and discussed, comparing the two cooling options of the casing.
Original languageEnglish
Article number7405292
Pages (from-to)-
JournalIEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2016
Externally publishedYes


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Zanino, R., Bonifetto, R., Dicuonzo, O., Muzzi, L., Nallo, G. F., Savoldi, L., & Turtu, S. (2016). Development of a Thermal-Hydraulic Model for the European DEMO TF Coil. IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, 26(3), -. [7405292].