Development of the DT-GEM: A gas electron multiplier detector for neutron diagnostics in controlled thermonuclear fusion

R. Villari, M. Angelone, B. Esposito, A. Ferrari, D. Marocco, F. Murtas, M. Pillon

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Abstract

A new neutron flux monitor for fusion applications (DT-GEM) has been developed by means of a triple-GEM (Gas Electron Multiplier), a proton recoil converter and a low energy proton absorber. The design and the optimization for the detection of 14 MeV neutrons have been performed using MCNPX and FLUKA Monte Carlo Codes and the detector has been tested under 14 MeV neutron irradiation at the Frascati Neutron Generator (FNG). Polyethylene is used as a converter and an aluminum absorber sheet covers a triple 10 × 10 cm2GEM filled with an Ar/CO2/CF4gas mixture. The detector is read out with 64 pads (10 × 6 mm2) in a 4 × 16 matrix. The DT-GEM design and the results of the first tests performed at FNG are presented and discussed in this paper. Excellent performances at high count rates in transient neutron flux, good efficiency, low sensitivity to gamma radiation and high voltage stability under irradiation make the DT-GEM a promising detector for neutron diagnostics in fusion. © 2006 IEEE.
Original languageEnglish
Article number5076077
Pages (from-to)1102 - 1107
Number of pages6
JournalIEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science
Volume56
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2009
Externally publishedYes

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Villari, R., Angelone, M., Esposito, B., Ferrari, A., Marocco, D., Murtas, F., & Pillon, M. (2009). Development of the DT-GEM: A gas electron multiplier detector for neutron diagnostics in controlled thermonuclear fusion. IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science, 56(3), 1102 - 1107. [5076077]. https://doi.org/10.1109/TNS.2009.2017924