Development of the EFDA dipole high field conductor

A. Vostner, P. Bauer, R. Wesche, U. Besi Vetrella, B. Stepanov, A. Della Corte, A. Portone, E. Salpietro, P. Bruzzone

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34 Citations (Scopus)


Following the outcome of the conceptual design phase the EFDA dipole magnet will be made of rectangular Cable-in-Conduit Conductors (CICC) jacketed in 316LN. In order to optimize the required amount of superconductor two different conductor types are used: a high-field (HF) conductor consisting of 144 strands and a low-field (LF) conductor with 108 strands. A high JcNb3Sn strand with a critical current density ∼ 2400 A/mm2(at 4.2 K and 12 T) and an effective filament diameter of ∼70 μm was selected. The first series of conductor prototype specimens was tested in summer 2006 but the conductor performances were lower than expected from the pre-prototype tests of 2005 and not fulfilling the design criteria. The conductor layouts were modified to increase the strand support inside the cable and the revised HF conductor design was qualified successfully end of 2006. A current sharing temperature ∼6 K was found at the dipole operating conditions (12.8 T, 17 kA) confirming the required temperature margin of more than 1 K. The HF conductor qualification process including the design modifications, analysis of the test results and comparison to the expectations are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Article number4523025
Pages (from-to)544 - 547
Number of pages4
JournalIEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2008
Externally publishedYes


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Vostner, A., Bauer, P., Wesche, R., Vetrella, U. B., Stepanov, B., Della Corte, A., ... Bruzzone, P. (2008). Development of the EFDA dipole high field conductor. IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, 18(2), 544 - 547. [4523025].