Development on JET of advanced tokamak operations for ITER

A.A. Tuccillo, F. Crisanti, X. Litaudon, Yu.F. Baranov, A. Becoulet, M. Becoulet, L. Bertalot, C. Castaldo, C.D. Challis, R. Cesario, M.R. De Baar, P.C. De Vries, B. Esposito, D. Frigione, L. Garzotti, E. Giovannozzi, C. Giroud, G. Gorini, C. Gormezano, N.C. HawkesJ. Hobirk, F. Imbeaux, E. Joffrin, P.J. Lomas, J. Mailloux, P. Mantica, M.J. Mantsinen, D. Mazon, D. Moreau, A. Murari, V. Pericoli-Ridolfini, F. Rimini, A.C.C. Sips, C. Sozzi, O. Tudisco, D. Van Eester, K.-D. Zastrow

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Abstract

Recent research on advanced tokamak in JET has focused on scenarios with both monotonic and reversed shear q-profiles having plasma parameters as relevant as possible for extrapolation to ITER. Wide internal transport barriers (ITBs), r/a ∼ 0.7, are formed at ITER relevant triangularity δ ∼ 0.45 and moderate plasma current, IP≤ 1.5-2.5 MA, with ne/nG∼ 60% when ELMs are moderated by Ne injection. At higher current (IP≤ 3.5 MA, δ ∼ 0.25) wide ITBs sitting at r/a ≥ 0.5, in the positive shear region, have been developed. Generally MHD events terminate these barriers otherwise limited in strength by power availability. ITBs with core density close to Greenwald value, Te∼ Tiand low toroidal rotation (4 times lower than standard ITBs) are obtained in plasma target preformed by opportune timing of lower hybrid current drive (LHCD), pellet injection and a small amount of NBI power. Wide ITBs, r/a ∼ 0.6, of moderate strength, can be sustained without impurities accumulation for a time close to neoclassical resistive time in 3 T/1.8 MA discharges that exhibit reversed magnetic shear profiles and type-III ELMy edge. These discharges have been extended to the maximum duration allowed by JET subsystems (20 s) bringing to the record of injected energy in a JET discharge: E ∼ 330 MJ. Portability of ITB physics has been addressed through dedicated similarity experiments. The ITB is identified as a layer of reduced diffusivity studying the propagation of the heat wave generated by modulating the ICRF mode conversion (MC) electron heating. Impressive results, QDT∼ 0.25, are obtained in these deuterium discharges with3He minority when the MC layer is located in the core. The ion behaviour has been investigated in pure LHCD electron ITBs optimizing the3He minority concentration for direct ion heating. Preliminary results of particle transport, studied via injection of a trace of tritium and an Ar-Ne mixture, will be presented. © 2006 IAEA, Vienna.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)214 - 224
Number of pages11
JournalNuclear Fusion
Volume46
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2006
Externally publishedYes

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Tuccillo, A. A., Crisanti, F., Litaudon, X., Baranov, Y. F., Becoulet, A., Becoulet, M., ... Zastrow, K-D. (2006). Development on JET of advanced tokamak operations for ITER. Nuclear Fusion, 46(2), 214 - 224. https://doi.org/10.1088/0029-5515/46/2/004