Differences in X-ray absorption due to cadmium treatment in Saponaria Officinalis leaves

Lucia Reale, Antonia Lai, Adele Tucci, Anna Poma, Anatoly Faenov, Tania Pikuz, Francesco Flora, Laura Spano, Tania Limongi, Libero Palladino, Antonio Ritucci, Giuseppe Tomassetti, Giovanni Petrocelli, Massimo Francucci, Sergio Martellucci

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6 Citations (Scopus)


A method for detecting cadmium uptake in leaves of Saponaria officinalis doped with a solution of cadmium acetate is described. The technique based on the exposure of dried leaves to X-rays of a wavelength close to that of the metal K-edge could be useful for phytoremediation studies as it could reveal the bioaccumulation in plants due to the treatment either in vivo or in vitro with heavy metals. X-ray microradiography measurements are in agreement with those from peroxidase enzyme assay utilized to follow the oxidative damage induced by heavy metals. At present, as we will see in this report, microradiography has still poorer sensitivity in comparison with enzyme assay, but it has the advantage of being faster, not destructive, and usable even at very high doping levels, where the enzyme assay technique results are fully saturated. Further analysis of the optical density values could lead to a quantitative measurement of the heavy metal in the sample. Thus, the technology developed in this article could be useful for tracing the intake in phytoremediation studies. © 2004 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)21 - 29
Number of pages9
JournalMicroscopy Research and Technique
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2004
Externally publishedYes


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Anatomy
  • Histology
  • Instrumentation
  • Medical Laboratory Technology

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