Does the subtropical jet catalyze the midlatitude atmospheric regimes?

Paolo M. Ruti, Valerio Lucarini, Alessandro Dell'Aquila, Sandro Calmanti, Antonio Speranza

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Understanding the atmospheric low-frequency variability is of crucial importance in fields such as climate studies, climate change detection, and extended-range weather forecast. The Northern Hemisphere climate features the planetary waves as a relevant ingredient of the atmospheric variability. Several observations and theoretical arguments seem to support the idea that winter planetary waves indicator obey a non-Gaussian statistics and may present a multimodal probability density function, thus characterizing the low-frequency portion of the climate system. We show that the upper tropospheric jet strength is a critical parameter in determining whether the planetary waves indicator exhibits a uni- or bimodal behavior, and we determine the relevant threshold value of the jet. These results are obtained by considering the data of the NCEP-NCAR and ECMWF reanalyses for the overlapping period. Our results agree with the non-linear orographic theory, which explains the statistical non-normality of the low-frequency variability of the atmosphere and its possible bimodality. Copyright 2006 by the American Geophysical Union.
Original languageEnglish
Article numberL06814
Pages (from-to)-
JournalGeophysical Research Letters
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 28 Mar 2006
Externally publishedYes


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

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