Early detection of toxigenic fungi on maize by hyperspectral imaging analysis

A. Del Fiore, M. Reverberi, A. Ricelli, F. Pinzari, S. Serranti, A.A. Fabbri, G. Bonifazi, C. Fanelli

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Fungi can grow on many food commodities. Some fungal species, such as Aspergillus flavus, Aspergillus parasiticus, Aspergillus niger and Fusarium spp., can produce, under suitable conditions, mycotoxins, secondary metabolites which are toxic for humans and animals. Toxigenic fungi are a real issue, especially for the cereal industry. The aim of this work is to carry out a non destructive, hyperspectral imaging-based method to detect toxigenic fungi on maize kernels, and to discriminate between healthy and diseased kernels. A desktop spectral scanner equipped with an imaging based spectrometer ImSpector- Specim V10, working in the visible-near infrared spectral range (400-1000. nm) was used. The results show that the hyperspectral imaging is able to rapidly discriminate commercial maize kernels infected with toxigenic fungi from uninfected controls when traditional methods are not yet effective: i.e. from 48. h after inoculation with A. niger or A. flavus. © 2010 Elsevier B.V.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)64 - 71
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Food Microbiology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 15 Nov 2010
Externally publishedYes


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Microbiology
  • Food Science
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality

Cite this

Del Fiore, A., Reverberi, M., Ricelli, A., Pinzari, F., Serranti, S., Fabbri, A. A., Bonifazi, G., & Fanelli, C. (2010). Early detection of toxigenic fungi on maize by hyperspectral imaging analysis. International Journal of Food Microbiology, 144(1), 64 - 71. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijfoodmicro.2010.08.001