ECH/ECCD applications for MHD studies and automatic control in FTU tokamak

S. Cirant, J. Berrino, P. Buratti, G. D'Antona, F. Gandini, G. Granucci, E. Iannone, E. Lazzaro, V. Mellera, V. Muzzini, P. Smeulders, O. Tudisco

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The paper describes experimental studies performed on the FTU tokamak on magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) instabilities and their active control by electron cyclotron (EC) heating and EC current drive (ECH/ECCD). It deals in particular with implementing of an automatic system that detects both the onset and localization of tearing modes and the localization of the EC power deposition and that is capable of actuating the stabilizing reaction with ECH/ECCD. The system is composed of a digital signal processor-based control unit to analyze electron temperature fluctuations (mostly from EC emission) and Mirnov coil data and to control gyrotron power supplies. The action is provided by an arrangement of four Gaussian beams at 140 GHz, coupling up to 1.6 MW power in total. The detection/reaction system, success fully tested in the experiments described, is very fast since no mirror motion is foreseen. In fact, the Gaussian beams are preliminarily oriented in an array covering the whole region where the mode is expected, and only the one closest to the mode is switched on at its appearance. The measurement of the deposition layer ρdep is performed by analyzing the transient response to modulated EC power. Different modulation waveforms are used, both periodic and pseudorandom, in order to select the most sensitive and fastest technique.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)174 - 183
Number of pages10
JournalFusion Science and Technology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2008
Externally publishedYes


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Cirant, S., Berrino, J., Buratti, P., D'Antona, G., Gandini, F., Granucci, G., ... Tudisco, O. (2008). ECH/ECCD applications for MHD studies and automatic control in FTU tokamak. Fusion Science and Technology, 53(1), 174 - 183.