Eco-balancing of materials recovered from construction and demolition (C&D) waste

Floriana La Marca, Laura Cutaia

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (peer-reviewed)


In recent years, in Italy, a large quantity of construction and demolition (C&D) waste has been generated: in the year 2004 a production of about 46,0 Mt of C&D waste has been estimated. After a mechanical treatment, such waste can be recovered and recycled as secondary raw material, determining economic and environmental benefits, by reducing landfilling, transportation and primary resources consumption. To date, the recycling rate of C&D waste in Italy is very low-about 10%-compared with the recycling rate of most of European countries, due to the large availability of natural resources. This study is aimed to carry out an analysis of C&D waste flow from a representative area in Italy, considering both the amount properly disposed or recycled, both the amount illegally dumped on the territory or in the containers for municipal solid waste. Furthermore, the eco-balancing as a particular procedure of the Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) methodology, has been applied to in order to optimize C&D waste recycling and material recovered, considering the environmental impact connected to different C&D waste management schemes. Data obtained from the eco-balancing allow to quantify the environmental performance, to estimate the costs of each scheme considered, and finally to evaluate the best C&D waste management. © 2011 by Nova Science Publishers, Inc. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationRecycling: Processes, Costs and Benefits
PublisherNova Science Publishers, Inc.
Publication statusPublished - 2011
Externally publishedYes


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Science(all)

Cite this

La Marca, F., & Cutaia, L. (2011). Eco-balancing of materials recovered from construction and demolition (C&D) waste. In Recycling: Processes, Costs and Benefits Nova Science Publishers, Inc..