Effect of indoor-generated airborne particles on radon progeny dynamics

C. Vargas Trassierra, L. Stabile, F. Cardellini, L. Morawska, G. Buonanno

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Abstract

In order to investigate the interaction between radon progeny and particles, an experimental campaign was carried out in a radon chamber at the Italian National Institute of Ionizing Radiation Metrology, quantifying the amount of attached and unattached radon daughters present in air, as well as the equilibrium factor in the presence of particles generated through indoor sources. A fixed radon concentration was maintained, while particles were generated using incense sticks, mosquito coils and gas combustion. Aerosols were characterized in terms of particle concentrations and size distributions. Simultaneously, radon concentration and attached/unattached potential alpha energy concentration in the air were continuously monitored by two different devices, based on alpha spectroscopy techniques. The presence of particles was found to affect the attached fraction of radon decay products, in such a way that the particles acted as a sink for radionuclides. In terms of sources which emit large particles (e.g. incense, mosquito coils), which greatly increase particle surface area concentrations, the Equilibrium Factor was found to double with respect to the background level before particle generation sessions. On the contrary, the radon decay product dynamics were not influenced by gas combustion processes, mainly due to the small surface area of the particles emitted.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)155 - 163
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Hazardous Materials
Volume314
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Aug 2016
Externally publishedYes

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

Cite this

Trassierra, C. V., Stabile, L., Cardellini, F., Morawska, L., & Buonanno, G. (2016). Effect of indoor-generated airborne particles on radon progeny dynamics. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 314, 155 - 163. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2016.04.051