Here we model quantitatively the stress and strain induced by tidal forces as possible triggers of Mount Etna eruptions during 1989, 2000 and 2001, by means of 2D numerical analysis by finite difference method applied to the volcano edifice. Spectral and vectorial analysis of tidal acceleration indicates that the quasi-diurnal, semi-diurnal and ter-diurnal constituents may have induced decompressions up to some kPa in the shallow (i.e., 1,500 m) gas-saturated magma reservoir, which controlled magma vesiculation and the timing of lava fountain activity from the South East Crater (SEC). We consider the geological heterogeneities in the volcanic edifice (i.e., rock geometries and properties, feeder conduit and vent systems, volcanic landforms), the magma properties (i.e., Bulk modulus, volatile content) and the ongoing volcano-tectonic stresses (i.e., volcano flank deformations), which strongly influence the response of eruptive activity to tidal forces. Indeed, the tidal factor may act on flank deformation concomitant to shallow magma inflation. The implications of our model may help understand the eruptive behaviour and the disequilibrium state of the volcano and may be useful for hazard assessment at Mount Etna. Copyright 2007 by the American Geophysical Union.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)
Sottili, G., Martino, S., Palladino, D. M., Paciello, A., & Bozzano, F. (2007). Effects of tidal stresses on volcanic activity at Mount Etna, Italy. Geophysical Research Letters, 34(1), -. [L01311]. https://doi.org/10.1029/2006GL028190