Efficient HTO reduction using a ZrFeMn alloy

F Ghezzi, W.T Shmayda, N Venkataramani, G Bonizzoni

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Tritiated water production is a consequence of tritium gas handling. If tritium emission to the environment is to be minimized, then tritiated water must be processed so that the chemically bound tritium is recovered. For DT burning fusion machines, tritiated-water-processing systems are under development. These systems, however, are intended for large-scale applications and cannot be scaled down practically or economically. HTO vapour reduction to HT over hot metal getters offers a simple alternative. In such cases the metal getter selected should reduce HTO efficiently and retain negligible residual tritium inventory. HTO reduction over a ZrFeMn alloy is reported in this paper. Conversion efficiencies exceeding 90% are achievable for gas residence times above 0.7 s and alloy temperatures above 400 °C over the useful life of the alloy. HTO-to-HT conversion rates greater than 6 μmol min-1per gram of alloy can be attained for oxygen-to-alloy mole ratios from 0 up to 2.6 without a significant reduction in the reaction rate. © 1995.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)367 - 372
Number of pages6
JournalFusion Engineering and Design
Issue numberC
Publication statusPublished - 2 Mar 1995
Externally publishedYes


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Ghezzi, F., Shmayda, W. T., Venkataramani, N., & Bonizzoni, G. (1995). Efficient HTO reduction using a ZrFeMn alloy. Fusion Engineering and Design, 28(C), 367 - 372. https://doi.org/10.1016/0920-3796(95)90062-4