The electron heat transport is investigated in ASDEX Upgrade using electron cyclotron heating (ECH) combining steady-state and power modulation schemes. Experiments in which the electron heat flux has been varied in the confinement region while the edge was kept constant were performed. They demonstrate that ∇Te and ∇Te/Te can be varied by a factor of 3 and 2, respectively. They allow a detailed determination of the transport characteristics by comparing steady-state and modulation data with modelling. The analyses clearly show the existence of a threshold (∇Te/Te)crit above which transport increases. Both steady-state and modulation experiments agree with such a transport model. The experiments have been carried out at low density in the L-mode to ensure low electron-ion coupling and good conditions for studying electron heat transport. The experiments were carried out at two different values of plasma current and show that transport increases at low current, as well-known from global scaling laws for confinement time. In the pure off-axis cases the region inside the ECH deposition is just at the (∇T e/Te)crit threshold, which allows it to be measured directly from the profile of ∇Te/Te deduced from the experimental Te profile. Using this technique, it appears that the turbulence threshold agrees with that expected from the trapped electron mode driven turbulence. It has the correct absolute value and seems to have the correct radial dependence that is determined by the trapped electron fraction and by the density gradient. It almost does not vary with other plasma parameters. In contrast, the threshold calculated for electron temperature gradient modes is higher than the experimental values of ∇Te/ Te and this turbulence is therefore not expected to be excited under these experimental conditions.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Nuclear and High Energy Physics
Ryter, F., Tardini, G., De Luca, F., Fahrbach, H-U., Imbeaux, F., Jacchia, A., Kirov, K. K., Leuterer, F., Mantica, P., Peeters, A. G., Pereverzev, G., & Suttrop, W. (2003). Electron heat transport in ASDEX upgrade: Experiment and modelling. Nuclear Fusion, 43(11), 1396 - 1404. https://doi.org/10.1088/0029-5515/43/11/011