Electron microscopy and photoelectron spectromicroscopy study of catalyst-free transformation of carbon nanoparticles into nanotubes

S. Botti, R. Ciardi, F. Fabbri, R. Larciprete, A. Goldoni, L. Gregoratti, B. Kaulich, M. Kiskinova

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Abstract

The reorganization of the morphologically complex amorphous carbon nanoparticle layers deposited on a Si substrate into ordered sp2 entities was investigated by means of two complementary techniques, synchrotron radiation x-ray photoelectron microscopy and scanning electron microscopy, which provided the necessary chemical and structural information at submicrometer length scales. The studies were focused on the effect of the local thickness of the carbon nanoparticle layer on the extent of the restructuring process. The lateral distribution of the phases formed on the surface and their local chemical configuration were revealed by measuring C 1s and the Si 2p core level spectra with photoelectron spectromicroscopy. The results showed that an effective graphitization, which on the basis of complementary characterization techniques was associated to the formation of single-wall nanotubes, occurs only in areas with a high density of nanoparticles. These findings indicate that tube self-assembling is promoted by the interaction between neighboring nanoparticles. © 2005 American Institute of Physics.
Original languageEnglish
Article number084307
Pages (from-to)-
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Volume98
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Oct 2005
Externally publishedYes

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Botti, S., Ciardi, R., Fabbri, F., Larciprete, R., Goldoni, A., Gregoratti, L., ... Kiskinova, M. (2005). Electron microscopy and photoelectron spectromicroscopy study of catalyst-free transformation of carbon nanoparticles into nanotubes. Journal of Applied Physics, 98(8), -. [084307]. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.2077848