Engineering evolution of the FAST machine

A. Cucchiaro, G. Brolatti, G. Calabrò, V. Cocilovo, P. Frosi, F. Crescenzi, F. Crisanti, G. Maddaluno, V. Pericoli-Ridolfini, A. Pizzuto, C. Rita, G. Ramogida, S. Roccella, P. Rossi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)


FAST (Fusion Advanced Studies Torus) is a proposal for a Satellite Facility which can contribute the rapid exploitation of ITER and prepare ITER and DEMO regimes of operation, as well as exploit innovative plasma facing component systems for DEMO. FAST is a compact (Ro = 1.82 m, a = 0.64 m, triangularity δ = 0.4) and cost effective machine able to investigate, with integration capability, non linear dynamics effects of alpha particle behaviour in burning plasmas. FAST operates in high performance H-mode (BTup to 8.5 T; IPup to 8 MA), as well as in advanced tokamak mode (IP= 3 MA), and in full non inductive current mode (IP= 2 MA). Helium gas at 30 K is used for cooling the resistive copper magnets. This allows for a pulse duration up to 170 s at 3 MA/3.5 T. The vacuum vessel (VV), segmented into 20-degree modules, is capable to accommodate a 40 MW RF power system. The machine has been designed to house a 10 MW Negative Neutral Beam Injection (NNBI) system. Tungsten (W) or liquid lithium (L-Li) have been chosen as the divertor plate materials, and argon or neon as the impurities to be injected for mitigating the thermal loads. © 2010 EURATOM. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)703 - 707
Number of pages5
JournalFusion Engineering and Design
Issue number6-8
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2011
Externally publishedYes


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Cucchiaro, A., Brolatti, G., Calabrò, G., Cocilovo, V., Frosi, P., Crescenzi, F., ... Rossi, P. (2011). Engineering evolution of the FAST machine. Fusion Engineering and Design, 86(6-8), 703 - 707.