Enhanced gas sensing properties of chemiresistors based on ZnO nanorods electrodecorated with Au and Pd nanoparticles

E. Dilonardo, M. Alvisi, G. Cassano, M. Penza

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Abstract

Colloidal Au and Pd nanoparticles (NPs) were directly electrochemically synthesized, by sacrificial anode electrolysis (SAE), on hydrothermal ZnO nanostructures, previously desiccated; further, the functionalized ZnO nanostructures were subjected to thermal annealing at 550°C to obtain stable ZnO nanorods (NRs), superficially decorated by naked metal NPs. The both pristine and metal functionalized ZnO NRs were proposed as active layer in chemiresistive sensors for environmental monitoring to detect pollutant gases (e.g. NO2, C4H10). The effect of the presence and of the chemical nature of the deposited metal NPs on the performance of ZnO NRs-based gas sensor (e.g. sensitivity, selectivity and recovery) was evaluated, comparing the sensing results with those of pristine ZnO NRs. In particular, the gas sensing properties of pristine and metal-functionalized ZnO NRs were studied at an operating temperature of 300°C towards a various range of concentration of different gaseous pollutants.
Original languageEnglish
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Externally publishedYes

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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