Enhancement of sensitivity in gas chemiresistors based on carbon nanotube surface functionalized with noble metal (Au, Pt) nanoclusters

M. Penza, G. Cassano, R. Rossi, M. Alvisi, A. Rizzo, M.A. Signore, Th. Dikonimos, E. Serra, R. Giorgi

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Abstract

Multiwalled carbon nanotube (MWCNT) films have been fabricated by using plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition system onto Cr-Au patterned alumina substrates, provided with 3 nm thick Fe growth catalyst, for N O2 and N H3 gas sensing applications, at sensor temperature in the range of 100-250 °C. Nanoclusters of noble metal surface catalysts (Au and Pt) have been sputtered on the surface of MWCNTs to enhance the gas sensitivity with respect to unfunctionalized carbon nanotube films. It was found that the gas sensitivity of Pt- and Au-functionalized MWCNT gas sensors significantly improved by a factor up to an order of magnitude through a spillover effect for N H3 and N O2 gas detections, respectively. The metal-functionalized MWCNT sensors exhibit very high gas sensitivity, fast response, reversibility, good repeatability, and sub-ppm range detection limit with the sensing properties of the MWCNT films tailored by surface catalyst used to functionalize the MWCNT sensors. © 2007 American Institute of Physics.
Original languageEnglish
Article number173123
Pages (from-to)-
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Volume90
Issue number17
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007
Externally publishedYes

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Penza, M., Cassano, G., Rossi, R., Alvisi, M., Rizzo, A., Signore, M. A., Dikonimos, T., Serra, E., & Giorgi, R. (2007). Enhancement of sensitivity in gas chemiresistors based on carbon nanotube surface functionalized with noble metal (Au, Pt) nanoclusters. Applied Physics Letters, 90(17), -. [173123]. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.2722207