Evaluation of reaction order and activation energy of char combustion by shift technique

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Combustion of chars obtained from the pyrolysis of lignocellulosic materials at 1200 K has been studied using a TGA at different temperatures (583-670 K) and oxygen partial pressures (10-101 kPa). The kinetic parameters vary significantly depending on burn-off when calculated on the basis of multiple and independent combustion runs. The apparent reaction order increases from 0.64 to 0.95 and apparent activation energy increases from 116 to 125 kJmol-1. Experiments carried out with gas and temperature shifts suggest that the dependency of the kinetic parameters on burn-off are spurious consequences of changes in the internal area. The shift technique yields an oxygen reaction order of 0.5, which decreases slightly with burn-off, and an activation energy of 120 kJmol-1, which increases slightly with burn-off. These values are found for the combustion of nine chars irrespective of their particle sizes, ash content or parent material. The data obtained are attributed to a strong pore diffusion control on a common intrinsic kinetics characterised by zero reaction order and the activation energy of 240 kJmol-1.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)251 - 269
Number of pages19
JournalCombustion Science and Technology
Issue number1-6
Publication statusPublished - 2000


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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