Exchange Flow through the Strait of Gibraltar as Simulated by a σ-Coordinate Hydrostatic Model and a z-Coordinate Nonhydrostatic Model

Gianmaria Sannino, J.C. Sánchez Garrido, L. Liberti, L. Pratt

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (peer-reviewed)

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Mediterranean Sea is a semi-enclosed basin displaying an active thermohaline circulation that is sustained by the atmospheric forcing and controlled by the narrow and shallow Strait of Gibraltar (SoG). The main goal of this chapter is the investigation of the effects produced by certain specific factors on the simulated hydraulic behavior of the SoG by the nonhydrostatic assumption, the resolution adopted, and the parameterization used for mixing on the simulated hydraulic regime. The chapter is organized as follows. After an introductory section, two models (Princeton Ocean Model (POM) and Massachusetts Institute of Technology general circulation model (MITgcm)) are described and validated in the second and third sections. The comparison of the models in terms of the simulated internal wave field, three-layer properties, and hydraulics is shown in the fourth section. Conclusions are discussed in the last section.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe Mediterranean Sea: Temporal Variability and Spatial Patterns
PublisherWiley Blackwell
ISBN (Electronic)9781118847572
ISBN (Print)9781118847343
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 27 May 2014
Externally publishedYes

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

Cite this

Sannino, G., Garrido, J. C. S., Liberti, L., & Pratt, L. (2014). Exchange Flow through the Strait of Gibraltar as Simulated by a σ-Coordinate Hydrostatic Model and a z-Coordinate Nonhydrostatic Model. In The Mediterranean Sea: Temporal Variability and Spatial Patterns Wiley Blackwell. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118847572.ch3