Experimental evaluation of Mg- and Ca-based synthetic sorbents for CO2 capture

Akbota Zhenissova, Francesca Micheli, Leucio Rossi, Stefano Stendardo, Pier Ugo Foscolo, Katia Gallucci

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Hydrogen with high purity can be directly derived from fossil and renewable energy sources, like natural gas, coal and biomass, by the so-called sorption-enhanced reforming (SER) and water gas shift (SEWGS) processes characterized by simultaneous CO2capture.This paper deals with CO2capture on a solid sorbent under cyclic (carbonation/decarbonation), industrially relevant conditions. Hydrotalcite-like compounds (double Mg/Al hydroxy-carbonates), in comparison to CaO-based sorbents, are characterized by a comparatively smaller energy demand for regeneration and the operating temperature range is much lower (200-400°C), making them particularly attractive for SEWGS processes.Different kinds of hydrotalcite were prepared and the Mg2+/Al3+ratio, the effect of a promoter addition and the substitution of the bivalent cation (Ca instead of Mg) were investigated, with commercial and laboratory synthesized samples.Original and heat-treated hydrotalcite samples were characterized by XRD, BET and SEM-EDX in order to detect composition, crystalline phases and morphology. Sorption capacity was investigated under cyclic conditions by means of TGA-DSC. Step-response experiments were performed in a micro-reactor to evaluate the kinetic behavior, and a first-order-with-dead-time model for gas mixing was used to fit the results and work out the CO2dynamic load on the solid phase. © 2013 The Institution of Chemical Engineers.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)727 - 740
Number of pages14
JournalChemical Engineering Research and Design
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Chemistry(all)

Cite this

Zhenissova, A., Micheli, F., Rossi, L., Stendardo, S., Foscolo, P. U., & Gallucci, K. (2014). Experimental evaluation of Mg- and Ca-based synthetic sorbents for CO2 capture. Chemical Engineering Research and Design, 92(4), 727 - 740. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cherd.2013.11.005