Experiments on laser-driven energy transfer to solid target through a foam on the ABC laser

F. Consoli, R. De Angelis, S.Yu. Gus'kov, A.A. Rupasov, P. Andreoli, G. Cristofari, G. Di Giorgio, D. Giulietti, G. Cantono, M. Kalal

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

Abstract

The achievement of high gains in inertial fusion confinement ICF devices is strongly determined by the stability of the imploding targets. Non-uniformities of irradiation during the early phase of laser absorption and plasma formation can act as seeds for instabilities, which would finally degrade the fuel mixing and the core plasma temperature. The use of structured materials as volume absorbers for laser radiation can be beneficial in redistributing the laser energy before it finally reaches the underlying target surface [1,2]. On the other hand, it is important that the absorber does not limit the overall energy efficiency of the process. Experiments aimed to characterize the efficiency of energy transmission through porous absorbers have been performed in the ABC laser facility in Frascati [3,4]: beam energy and intensity were about 50 J and 1013-14 W/cm2 respectively; pulse duration was 3 ns at the basic wavelength 1054 nm of Nd-glass laser. The laser spot size was 500 μm using ISI plates as flux density profile smoothers. In this experimental campaign the absorbers were polystyrene foams of different density (10-40 mg/cm3) and thickness (200-800 μm) in contact with metal substrates (Al, Sn). During the interaction process the laser energy is initially stored in the foam and finally released to the metal substrate by the resulting shock wave. The melting of the substrate produced by the shock wave leaves an imprint in the metal in the shape of a small crater. Measurements of the crater physical properties are shown as a function of foam thickness and interaction parameters. To characterize a foam absorber plasma interferometry, ion-collectors and soft X-ray measurements [4] have been performed as well. Copyright © (2013) by the European Physical Society (EPS).
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes
Event40th EPS Conference on Plasma Physics, EPS 2013 - , Finland
Duration: 1 Jan 2013 → …

Conference

Conference40th EPS Conference on Plasma Physics, EPS 2013
CountryFinland
Period1/1/13 → …

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

Cite this

Consoli, F., De Angelis, R., Gus'kov, S. Y., Rupasov, A. A., Andreoli, P., Cristofari, G., ... Kalal, M. (2013). Experiments on laser-driven energy transfer to solid target through a foam on the ABC laser. Paper presented at 40th EPS Conference on Plasma Physics, EPS 2013, Finland.