Italian lentil landraces are principally cultivated for self or local consumption. Most of them are disappearing, particularly macrosperma types by being less required by the market. A pre-requisite for the conservation and the efficient use of genetic resources is the better understanding of the extent and the distribution of the existing genetic variation, useful for future breeding programmes. Our study was undertaken to analyse and quantify the genetic diversity within and among three macrosperma Italian lentil landraces (Onano, Altamura and Villalba), using fluorescent AFLP markers. AFLP markers generated information to differentiate among closely related genotypes and group within the same cluster individuals belonging to the same landrace. The total genetic diversity (HT), the genetic diversity within population (HS) and the extent of differentiation between populations (DST) were 0.198, 0.155 and 0.043, respectively. The fixation index (GST= 0.219) showed that about 78% of the observed total genetic variation can be attributed to within population differences and around 22% is due to differences among populations. The gene flow estimate (Nm= 1.774) and the mean genetic distance value (0.077) suggested narrow genetic base among the analysed populations, confirming the tendency of Italian lentil landraces to group together. The present study showed that fluorescence-based AFLP technique is a biotechnological tool that can provide significant insights for research in genetic diversity of lentil landraces and their subsequent conservation and utilization in breeding programs. © 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
Fiocchetti, F., Laddomada, B., Roselli, M., Crinò, P., & Lucretti, S. (2009). Fingerprinting of three typical macrosperma Italian lentil (Lens culinaris Medik.) landraces using fluorescence-based AFLP markers. Scientia Horticulturae, 121(3), 383 - 387. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scienta.2009.02.006