First results from Alcator-C-MOD

I.H. Hutchinson, R. Boivin, F. Bombarda, P. Bonoli, S. Fairfax, C. Fiore, J. Goetz, S. Golovato, R. Granetz, M. Greenwald, S. Horne, A. Hubbard, J. Irby, B. LaBombard, B. Lipschultz, E. Marmar, G. McCracken, M. Porkolab, J. Rice, J. SnipesY. Takase, J. Terry, S. Wolfe, C. Christensen, D. Garnier, M. Graf, T. Hsu, T. Luke, M. May, A. Niemczewski, G. Tinios, J. Schachter, J. Urbahn

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Abstract

Early operation of the Alcator-C-MOD tokamak [I.H. Hutchinson, Proceedings of IEEE 13th Symposium on Fusion Engineering, Knoxville, TN, edited by M. Lubell, M. Nestor, and S. Vaughan (Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers, New York, 1990), Vol. 1, p. 13] is surveyed. Reliable operation, with plasma current up to 1 MA, has been obtained, despite the massive conducting superstructure and the associated error fields. However, vertical disruptions are not slowed by the long vessel time constant. With pellet fueling, peak densities up to 9 × 1020m-3have been attained and "snakes" are often seen. Initial characterization of divertor and scrape-off layer is presented and indicates approximately Bohm diffusion. The edge plasma shows a wealth of marfe-like phenomena, including a transition to detachment from the divertor plates with accompanying radiative divertor regions. Energy confinement generally appears to exceed the expectations of neo-Alcator scaling. A transition to Ohmic H mode has been observed. Ion cyclotron heating experiments have demonstrated good power coupling, in agreement with theory. © 1994 American Institute of Physics.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1511 - 1518
Number of pages8
JournalPhysics of Plasmas
Volume1
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1994
Externally publishedYes

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Hutchinson, I. H., Boivin, R., Bombarda, F., Bonoli, P., Fairfax, S., Fiore, C., ... Urbahn, J. (1994). First results from Alcator-C-MOD. Physics of Plasmas, 1(5), 1511 - 1518. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.870701