A digital upgrade of the analogue electronics of the Frascati Tokamak Upgrade (FTU) neutron camera was carried out in order to enable studies on runaway electrons by measuring the hard X-rays produced in the bremsstrahlung interactions between runaway electrons and plasma ions. This "gamma camera" system is based on six radial lines of sight equipped with liquid organic scintillators capable of neutron/gamma discrimination. The digital acquisition system is composed by three digitizers (14-bit, 400 Msamples/s) enabling the separation between neutron and hard X-ray events also in conditions of very high count rate (MHz range). The first measurement results indicate the capability of the diagnostic to provide HXR profiles for energies >0.1 MeV and information on the runaway population during the Ip ramp-up, flattop and ramp-down phases. Disruption events can also be analyzed with sub-millisecond time resolution, although in such phases the data are affected (mainly in the inner three detectors) by the presence of a strong HXR background not originating in the plasma.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Nuclear Energy and Engineering
- Materials Science(all)
- Civil and Structural Engineering
- Mechanical Engineering
Marocco, D., Esposito, B., Riva, M., Belli, F., Podda, S., & Panaccione, L. (2015). First results on runaway electron studies using the FTU neutron camera. Fusion Engineering and Design, 96-97, 852 - 855. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fusengdes.2015.06.006