Fitting of the voltage vs. insertion curves of the LiFePO 4 electrode was based on theoretical expressions describing the Li + diffusive process in a solid medium. The noninteracting gas model for the chemical potential of ions distributed in a solid matrix was taken into account, and the diffusion coefficient and the energy activation for the diffusion process were accordingly calculated. The polarization curves at various discharge stages were theoretically obtained, and a good agreement was found with the experimental data at all discharge rates. A mathematical relation describing the trend of the diffusion resistance vs. insertion degree was also developed. © 2008 Springer-Verlag.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering