Fixed biological indicators

Alessio Rovere, Fabrizio Antonioli, Carlo Nike Bianchi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (peer-reviewed)

25 Citations (Scopus)


Fixed biological indicators are organisms that live fixed to hard substrates and their living range or the upper part of it is located near or at sea level. In this chapter, the main fixed biological indicators are described and their value as indicators of former sea levels is discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHandbook of Sea-Level Research
PublisherWiley Blackwell
ISBN (Electronic)9781118452547
ISBN (Print)9781118452585
Publication statusPublished - 20 Feb 2015
Externally publishedYes


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

Cite this

Rovere, A., Antonioli, F., & Bianchi, C. N. (2015). Fixed biological indicators. In Handbook of Sea-Level Research Wiley Blackwell.