Flow boiling heat transfer of refrigerant FC-72 in microchannels

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The design of technological devices and systems, with reduced size but unchanged or increased performances, has been one of the most important scientific challenges faced in the last decade by many fields of the world industry. The capability to remove and exchange heat in more compact components has allowed great advantages in the optimization of all final products as well as in industrial processes. However the never-ending race to miniaturization of appliances has been taking into account problems concerning computational models and design criteria developed in the past for macro-systems. Nowadays most of these methods are no longer reliable for emerging micro-systems because of the substantial differences in transport phenomena and heat exchange, mainly in two-phase flow (scaling effects). This paper aims to provide its contribution to the burgeoning research activity on boiling heat transfer under forced convection in microchannels. The BO.E.MI.A. experimental facility was designed and specifically developed to perform different regimes heat transfer tests on mini and microchannels: a total of 150 tests were performed using a fluorinert fluid FC-72 as coolant. The test section consists of a horizontal 1 mm inner diameter stainless steel tube having a heated length (Joule effect) of approximately 60 mm. The mass flux range is between 1000 and 2000 kg m-2s-1while the applied heat flux is between 10 and 150 kW m-2. By means of a preheater we are able to change coolant inlet temperature and by setting the operating pressure in a range between 3 and 7 bar, a broad spectrum of subcooling degree at inlet test section is achieved. The local heat transfer coefficients were evaluated for both subcooled and saturated flow boiling regimes. The experimental data show an increase of local heat transfer coefficient for increasing values of heat flux, with a weak dependence on the vapour quality. The experimental values obtained were compared with those from the adoption of one of the main heat transfer correlations in the literature. © 2011 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)35 - 41
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Thermal Sciences
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2012


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Engineering(all)

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