Flow cytometric DNA ploidy, p53, PCNA, and c-erbB-2 protein expressions as predictors of survival in surgically resected gastric cancer patients

Donatella Tirindelli Danesi, Marcello Spanò, Alfredo Fabiano, Pierluigi Altavista, Patrizio Pasqualetti, Maria Gabriella Toscano, Fabiana Antonini, Piera Catalano, Antonella Mecozzi, Antonello Picconi, Antonio Daffinà, Giuseppe Cucchiara

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30 Citations (Scopus)


In order to determine retrospectively the impact of some cytometric and immunohistochemical parameters on the overall survival of gastric cancer patients treated with surgery alone, paraffin-embedded tumor samples from 137 gastric carcinoma patients undergoing curative resection from 1987-1993 were analyzed by flow cytometry (FCM) and immunohistochemistry (p53, c-erbB- 2, and PCNA expression). FCM-derived parameters were DNA ploidy and fraction of S-phase cells (SPF). Multiple regression analysis was applied to determine the prognostic significance of the conventional clinicopathologic findings together with the flow cytometric and immunohistochemical parameters on overall survival. When all parameters were entered simultaneously into the Cox regression model, stage and DNA ploidy (DNA index > 1.35) clearly emerged as the only independent prognostic factors. When the stages were analysed separately, the independent prognostic factors resulted DNA ploidy in early stages (I-II) and grading in stage IIIA tumors. For stage IIIB tumors, no independent prognostic factor was found. These results indicate that the DNA ploidy pattern is a valuable predictor of survival in curatively resected gastric cancer patients, especially when less advanced tumors are taken into consideration. (C) 2000 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)27 - 34
Number of pages8
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 15 Feb 2000
Externally publishedYes


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biophysics
  • Cell Biology
  • Endocrinology
  • Hematology
  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine

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