Fluoride wastewater treatment by adsorption onto metallurgical grade alumina

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Abstract

The adsorption of fluoride onto metallurgical grade alumina (to produce Al) was investigated under different conditions: pH, contact time and adsorbent concentration. Data were evaluated with the aim of developing an alternative treatment technology for washing wastewater arising from an Aluminum can production plant. Kinetics and adsorption isotherms data have been also produced Sorption is greatly affected by pH and the best condition for fluoride removal are obtained at pH 5-6 and alkalinity competes successfully with fluoride ions for the exchange sites. Experiments with fixed beds indicate that fluoride is removed from wastewater by metallurgical-grade alumina with a capacity of 12.21 mg of F per gram and adsorption increases of about 25% at appropriate pH. The Mass Transfer Zone at 5% of the breakthrough occupies 70.6% of the total column length. The optimization of aluminum precipitation by pH adjustment and with different precipitant agents has been done.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)303 - 312
Number of pages10
JournalAnnali di Chimica
Volume95
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2005
Externally publishedYes

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Environmental Science(all)

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