FRESCO, a simplified code for cost analysis of fusion power plants

C. Bustreo, G. Casini, G. Zollino, T. Bolzonella, R. Piovan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)


FRESCO (Fusion REactor Simplified COsts) is a code based on simplified models of physics, engineering and economical aspects of a TOKAMAK-like pulsed or steady-state fusion power plant. The experience coming from various aspects of ITER design, including selection of materials and operating scenarios, is exploited as much as possible. Energy production and plant power balance, including the recirculation requirements, are derived from two models of the PPCS European study, the helium cooled lithium/lead blanket model reactor (model AB) and the helium cooled ceramic one (model B). A detailed study of the availability of the power plant due, among others, to the replacement of plasma facing components, is also included in the code. The economics of the fusion power plant is evaluated through the levelized cost approach. Costs of the basic components are scaled from the corresponding values of the ITER project, the ARIES studies and SCAN model. The costs of plant auxiliaries, including those of the magnetic and electric systems, tritium plants, instrumentation, buildings and thermal energy storage if any, are recovered from ITER values and from those of other power plants. Finally, the PPCS models AB and B are simulated and the main results are reported in this paper. © 2013 Published by Elsevier B.V.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3141 - 3151
Number of pages11
JournalFusion Engineering and Design
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2013
Externally publishedYes


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Bustreo, C., Casini, G., Zollino, G., Bolzonella, T., & Piovan, R. (2013). FRESCO, a simplified code for cost analysis of fusion power plants. Fusion Engineering and Design, 88(12), 3141 - 3151.