The technologies described in the previous chapters have demonstrated technical maturity, but they would find their optimal application in a virtuous chain such as described in this book. One of the most crucial links to bind these technologies together is the fuel gas conditioning step. This means adequate clean-up for the removal of harmful contaminants resulting from the biomass or wastederived feedstock (such as sulphur compounds, siloxanes, halides and tars) and a reforming step where heavy hydrocarbons are converted to lighter species, especially hydrogen and carbon monoxide. This yields the best possible conditions for high-efficiency generation of electric power and heat through high-temperature fuel cells. The gas cleaning and reforming technologies most applicable to the requirements of such fuel cells are reviewed and discussed in the present chapter. © Springer-Verlag London Limited 2012.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology
- Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
- Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering