Gas sensors for sustainable and safe integrated gasification-FC system

V. Pallozzi, F. Zaza, A. Di Carlo, E. Bocci, M. Carlini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Sustainability, safety and optimization of gasification systems for hydrogen production are strictly correlated to efficient monitoring devices and chemical gas sensors based on perovskite materials represent a very attractive technology for this purpose. The aim of this work is to evaluate sensing performances of LaFeO3based materials for the application in integrated gasification-FC systems and their possible enhancements thanks to titanium partial substitution. Two perovskites, LaTi0.4Fe0.6O3and LaFeO3, were therefore prepared via auto-combustion synthesis and tested in a bench scale reactor for CO, H2and H2S exposures. Synthesis parameters were properly defined and set to Φ = 0.45, CA/M = 2.5 and pH = 7. Transition of conductive behaviour (from p- to n-type) was observed. Titanium partial substitution provided higher sensitivity to CO at higher temperatures. Sensitivity to H2was greater for unsubstituted material, but titanium presence assured chemical and thermal stability. During H2S tests, instead, irreversible reaction with materials occurred compromising sensing performances.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)29606 - 29619
Number of pages14
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Volume42
Issue number49
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 7 Dec 2017
Externally publishedYes

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

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