In this paper we investigate the trade-offs between growth and low carbon targets for both developing and developed countries for the period to 2035. The issues examined include two policy options for being on track to meet the 450 ppm target: (a) national/regional targets without international trade in carbon permits and (b) a global market in permits. Policy options are evaluated with an original dynamic CGE (Computable General Equilibrium) model which relies on the static GTAP-E (Global Trade Analysis Project-Energy) structure. The model focuses on bilateral trade flows and links between economies and sectors that capture the realistic economy-wide nature of a globalized world. The results show higher costs of meeting the target than the average of previous models, although there are some previous studies that have costs in the same range. We then go on to investigate options for reducing these costs that are broadly consistent with a green growth strategy of supporting low carbon development. A green carbon fund financed through a levy on carbon taxation can benefit all parties. Potential larger benefits are associated with the investment of the green fund to foster energy efficiency.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Chemical Engineering(all)
Antimiani, A., Costantini, V., Markandya, A., Martini, C., Palma, A., & Tommasino, M. C. (2014). Gdyn-E: A model for the economic assessment of climate policies. Chemical Engineering Transactions, 42, 115 - 120. https://doi.org/10.3303/CET1442020