Genetic events associated with arsenic-induced malignant transformation: Applications of cDNA microarray technology

Simonetta Pazzaglia, Mariateresa Mancuso, Beatrice Primerano, Simonetta Rebessi, Guido Biozzi, Vincenzo Covelli, Anna Saran

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111 Citations (Scopus)


Arsenic is a human carcinogen. Our recent work showed that chronic (> 18wk), low-level (125-500 nM) arsenite exposure induces malignant transformation in normal rat liver cell line TRL1215. In these arsenic-transformed cells, the cellular S-adenosylmethionine pool was depleted from arsenic metabolism, resulting in global DNA hypomethylation. DNA methylation status in turn may affect the expression of a variety of genes. This study examined the aberrant gene expression associated with arsenic-induced transformation with the use of Atlas Rat cDNA Expression microarrays. Poly(A+) RNA was prepared from arsenic-transformed cells and passage-matched control cells, and 32P-labeled cDNA probes were synthesized with Clontech Rat cDNA Synthesis primers and moloney murine leukemia virus reverse transcriptase. The hybrid intensity was analyzed with AtlasImage software and normalized with the sum of the four housekeeping genes. Four hybridizations from separate cell preparations were performed, and mean and SEM for the expression of each gene were calculated for statistical analysis. Among the 588 genes, approximately 80 genes (∼13%) were aberrantly expressed. These included genes involved in cell-cycle regulation, signal transduction, stress response, apoptosis, cytokine production and growth-factor and hormone-receptor production and various oncogenes. These initial gene expression analyses for the first time showed potentially important aberrant gene expression patterns associated with arsenic-induced malignant transformation and set the stage for numerous further studies.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)79 - 87
Number of pages9
JournalMolecular Carcinogenesis
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2001
Externally publishedYes


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cancer Research

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