In recent time a theorem, due to E. Beltrami, through which the integration of the geodesic equations of a curved manifold is obtained by means of a merely geometric method, has been revisited. This way of dealing with the problem is well in accordance with the geometric spirit of the Theory of General Relativity. In this paper we show another relevant consequence of this method. Actually, the constants of the motion, introduced in this geometrical way that is completely independent of Newton theory, are related to the conservation laws for "test particles" in the Einstein theory. These conservation laws may be compared with the conservation laws of Newton. In particular, by the conservation of energy (E) and the Lz component of angular momentum, the equivalence of the conservation laws for the Schwarzschild field is verified and the difference between Newton and Einstein theories for the rotating bodies (Kerr metric) is obtained in a straightforward way. PACS 04.20.-q - Classical general relativity. PACS 04.20.Jb - Exact solutions. PACS 04.70.Bw - Classical black holes. PACS 04.90.+e - Other topics in general relativity and gravitation. © Società Italiana di Fisica.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy(all)
Catoni, F., Cannata, R., & Zampetti, P. (2009). "Geometrical" determination of the constants of motion in general relativity. Nuovo Cimento della Societa Italiana di Fisica B, 124(9), 975 - 985. https://doi.org/10.1393/ncb/i2010-10812-8