Graft union formation in artichoke grafting onto wild and cultivated cardoon: An anatomical study

Alessandra Trinchera, Gianmarco Pandozy, Simona Rinaldi, Paola Crinò, Olindo Temperini, Elvira Rea

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19 Citations (Scopus)


In order to develop a non-chemical method such as grafting effective against well-known artichoke soil borne diseases, an anatomical study of union formation in artichoke grafted onto selected wild and cultivated cardoon rootstocks, both resistant to Verticillium wilt, was performed. The cardoon accessions Belgio (cultivated cardoon) and Sardo (wild cardoon) were selected as rootstocks for grafting combinations with the artichoke cv. Romolo. Grafting experiments were carried out in the autumn and spring. The anatomical investigation of grafting union formation was conducted by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) on the grafting portions at the 3rd, 6th, 10th, 12th day after grafting. For the autumn experiment only, SEM analysis was also performed at 30. d after grafting.A high affinity between artichoke scion and cardoon rootstocks was observed, with some genotype differences in healing time between the two bionts. SEM images of scion/rootstock longitudinal sections revealed the appearance of many interconnecting structures between the two grafting components just 3. d after grafting, followed by a vascular rearrangement and a callus development during graft union formation. De novo formation of many plasmodesmata between scion and rootstock confirmed their high compatibility, particularly in the globe artichoke/wild cardoon combination. Moreover, the duration of the early-stage grafting process could be influenced not only by the scion/rootstock compatibility, but also by the seasonal conditions, being favored by lower temperatures and a reduced light/dark photoperiod. © 2013 Elsevier GmbH.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1569 - 1578
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Plant Physiology
Issue number18
Publication statusPublished - 15 Dec 2013
Externally publishedYes


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physiology
  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Plant Science

Cite this

Trinchera, A., Pandozy, G., Rinaldi, S., Crinò, P., Temperini, O., & Rea, E. (2013). Graft union formation in artichoke grafting onto wild and cultivated cardoon: An anatomical study. Journal of Plant Physiology, 170(18), 1569 - 1578.