Graphitic carbon in a nanostructured titanium oxycarbide thin film to improve implant osseointegration

R. Zanoni, C.A. Ioannidu, L. Mazzola, L. Politi, C. Misiano, G. Longo, M. Falconieri, R. Scandurra

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)


A nanostructured coating layer on titanium implants, able to improve their integration into bones and to protect against the harsh conditions of body fluids, was obtained by Ion Plating Plasma Assisted, a method suitable for industrial applications. A titanium carbide target was attached under vacuum to a magnetron sputtering source powered with a direct current in the 500-1100 W range, and a 100 W radio frequency was applied to the sample holder. The samples produced at 900 W gave the best biological response in terms of overexpression of some genes of proteins involved in bone turnover. We report the characterization of a reference and of an implant sample, both obtained at 900 W. Different micro/nanoscopic techniques evidenced the morphology of the substrates, and X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy was used to disclose the surface composition. The layer is a 500 nm thick hard nanostructure, composed of 60% graphitic carbon clustered with 15% TiC and 25% Ti oxides.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)409 - 416
Number of pages8
JournalMaterials Science and Engineering C
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2015
Externally publishedYes


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Zanoni, R., Ioannidu, C. A., Mazzola, L., Politi, L., Misiano, C., Longo, G., Falconieri, M., & Scandurra, R. (2015). Graphitic carbon in a nanostructured titanium oxycarbide thin film to improve implant osseointegration. Materials Science and Engineering C, 46, 409 - 416.