Griseofulvin-induced aneuploidy and meiotic delay in female mouse germ cells. II. Cytogenetic analysis of one-cell zygotes

Francesco Marchetti, Cecilia Tiveron, Bruno Bassani, Francesca Pacchierotti

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The effects of griseofulvin (GF) upon the first meiotic division of female mouse germ cells were evaluated by cytogenetic analysis of first-cleavage (1-Cl) zygotes. The present study is an extension of an investigation that began with the cytogenetic analysis of metaphase II (M II) oocytes. Different doses (200, 666, 1332, 2000 mg/kg) were tested by oral administration of GF to superovulated animals either at the time of human chorionic gonadotrophin (HCG) injection or 2 h post HCG. When GF was given at the time of HCG, significant dose-dependent increases of different types of cytogenetically abnormal cells were found. These included zygotes containing ostensibly female-derived M I or M II arrested chromosomes and polyploid zygotes. The total yields of these aberrations were 2.9, 4.3, 26.2, 60.6, and 64.1% for control, 200, 666, 1332, and 2000 mg/kg, respectively. The origin of these zygotes was attributed to the fertilization of oocytes that had been previously arrested at M I. No significant induction of hyperploidy was detected. Developmentally abnormal zygotes were still observed when GF was administered 2 h post HCG, although their frequencies were significantly lower than in the first series of experiments. The yields of developmentally abnormal zygotes were 49, 10.2, and 23.6% at 200, 666, and 2000 mg/kg. Additionally, a dose-dependent increase in the frequency of hyperploid zygotes was detected up to a maximum of 36.5% at 2000 mg/kg. These results confirm the cytogenetic observations from M II oocytes after GF treatment under the same experimental conditions; namely, a dramatic change in the oocyte target susceptibility to GF occurred within a short time period. Also, the present study demonstrated that most of GF-induced aneuploid oocytes were fertilized and reached first-cleavage metaphase. © 1992.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)151 - 162
Number of pages12
JournalMutation Research - Fundamental and Molecular Mechanisms of Mutagenesis
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1992
Externally publishedYes


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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