Heat flux measurements and modelling in the RFX-mod experiment

P. Innocente, H. Bufferand, A. Canton, G. Ciraolo, N. Visonà

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


The knowledge of edge plasma transport parameters and plasma edge phenomena is a key element in the design of the first wall for a magnetically confined fusion experiment. In RFX-mod heat flux measurement and edge transport modelling have been done to improve the understanding of this aspect. Heat flux deposition profiles have been evaluated from infrared temperature measurements of insertable graphite limiters. They were inserted up to 12 mm into the reversed field pinch plasma of ohmically heated discharges with Ip= 0.6÷1.0 MA, ne= 0.5÷3·1019m−3(n/nG< 0.7) and total power of about 10÷15 MW. Strong asymmetries in heat flux deposition have been measured in poloidal direction at low density between the electron and the ion drift side and smaller ones in toroidal direction when q(a)≠0. The poloidal asymmetry has been associated to the presence of superthermal electrons [1] while the toroidal one has been less clearly identified as due to the small toroidal extension of the limiters. To account for the 2D deposition nature of heat load on the surface of the employed limiters, a simple 3D code has been developed to evaluate heat flux from temperature data. In this way at the deeper limiter insertions a heat flux decay length of about 2 mm and 2.5 mm has been evaluated in electron and ion drift sides. Modelling of the evaluated heat fluxes has been done using the SOLEDGE2D-EIRENE edge code [2]. This fluid code is well suited for the RFX-mod wall limiter configuration because, thanks to the implemented penalization technique, the computational domain can be extended up to the entire first wall. Edge modelling has shown that measured decay lengths are compatible with energy diffusion coefficients in Scrape Off Layer (SOL) smaller than those commonly evaluated at plasma edge; the cause of the reduced diffusion in the SOL will be discussed in the paper.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1199 - 1204
Number of pages6
JournalNuclear Materials and Energy
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2017
Externally publishedYes


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Materials Science (miscellaneous)
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering

Cite this

Innocente, P., Bufferand, H., Canton, A., Ciraolo, G., & Visonà, N. (2017). Heat flux measurements and modelling in the RFX-mod experiment. Nuclear Materials and Energy, 12, 1199 - 1204. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nme.2017.01.020