High brightness electron beam emittance evolution measurements in an rf photoinjector

A. Cianchi, D. Alesini, A. Bacci, M. Bellaveglia, R. Boni, M. Boscolo, M. Castellano, L. Catani, E. Chiadroni, S. Cialdi, A. Clozza, L. Cultrera, G. Di Pirro, A. Drago, A. Esposito, M. Ferrario, L. Ficcadenti, D. Filippetto, V. Fusco, A. GalloG. Gatti, A. Ghigo, L. Giannessi, C. Ligi, M. Mattioli, M. Migliorati, A. Mostacci, P. Musumeci, E. Pace, L. Palumbo, L. Pellegrino, M. Petrarca, M. Preger, M. Quattromini, R. Ricci, C. Ronsivalle, J. Rosenzweig, A.R. Rossi, C. Sanelli, L. Serafini, M. Serio, F. Sgamma, B. Spataro, F. Tazzioli, S. Tomassini, C. Vaccarezza, M. Vescovi, C. Vicario

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43 Citations (Scopus)


The new generation of linac injectors driving free electron lasers in the self-amplified stimulated emission (SASE-FEL) regime requires high brightness electron beams to generate radiation in the wavelength range from UV to x rays. The choice of the injector working point and its matching to the linac structure are the key factors to meet this requirement. An emittance compensation scheme presently applied in several photoinjectors worldwide is known as the "Ferrario" working point. In spite of its great importance there was, so far, no direct measurement of the beam parameters, such as emittance, transverse envelope, and energy spread, in the region downstream the rf gun and the solenoid of a photoinjector to validate the effectiveness of this approach. In order to fully characterize the beam dynamics with this scheme, an innovative beam diagnostic device, the emittance meter, consisting of a movable emittance measurement system, has been designed and built. With the emittance meter, measurements of the main beam parameters in both transverse phase spaces can be performed in a wide range of positions downstream the photoinjector. These measurements help in tuning the injector to optimize the working point and provide an important benchmark for the validation of simulation codes. We report the results of these measurements in the SPARC photoinjector and, in particular, the first experimental evidence of the double minimum in the emittance oscillation, which provides the optimized matching to the SPARC linac. © 2008 The American Physical Society.
Original languageEnglish
Article number032801
Pages (from-to)-
JournalPhysical Review Special Topics - Accelerators and Beams
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 4 Mar 2008
Externally publishedYes


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)
  • Surfaces and Interfaces

Cite this

Cianchi, A., Alesini, D., Bacci, A., Bellaveglia, M., Boni, R., Boscolo, M., ... Vicario, C. (2008). High brightness electron beam emittance evolution measurements in an rf photoinjector. Physical Review Special Topics - Accelerators and Beams, 11(3), -. [032801]. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevSTAB.11.032801