High density physics in reversed field pinches: Comparison with tokamaks and stellarators

M.E. Puiatti, P. Scarin, G. Spizzo, M. Valisa, M. Agostini, A. Alfier, A. Canton, L. Carraro, E. Gazza, R. Lorenzini, R. Paccagnella, I. Predebon, D. Terranova, D. Bonfiglio, S. Cappello, R. Cavazzana, S. Dal Bello, P. Innocente, L. Marrelli, R. PiovanP. Piovesan, F. Sattin, P. Zanca

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Reversed field pinches (RFPs) share with tokamaks and stellarators the experimental evidence of an upper limit for the maximum value of the electron density at which they can operate. Above a certain density level, well described by the Greenwald law for tokamaks and RFPs, a radiative collapse with strong plasma cooling is observed, predominantly due to processes occurring at the plasma boundary. In the RFX-mod RFP close to the density limit a radiating belt, poloidally symmetric and toroidally localized, develops in the region where the plasma is shrunk as an effect of the m = 0 tearing modes. The phenomenology recalls that of MARFES or plasma detachment, though, unlike tokamaks, the appearance of the radiating belt is associated with a soft landing of the plasma discharge. The paper reports the experimental pattern of the RFX-mod plasmas close to the density limit, including density and radiation profiles, plasma flow and turbulence. Particles are toroidally conveyed towards the region of maximum shrinking of the plasma column where they accumulate. The interpretation is related to the topology of MHD m = 0 and m = 1 modes: the reconstruction of the magnetic topology shows that the highly radiating region corresponds to the presence of peripheral m = 0 magnetic islands well detached from the wall. The emerging indication is that in RFPs a reduction of the m = 0 activity could be a way to overcome the density limit. © 2009 IAEA, Vienna.
Original languageEnglish
Article number045012
Pages (from-to)-
JournalNuclear Fusion
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2009
Externally publishedYes


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Puiatti, M. E., Scarin, P., Spizzo, G., Valisa, M., Agostini, M., Alfier, A., ... Zanca, P. (2009). High density physics in reversed field pinches: Comparison with tokamaks and stellarators. Nuclear Fusion, 49(4), -. [045012]. https://doi.org/10.1088/0029-5515/49/4/045012