High frequency MHD activity related to type I ELMs in ASDEX Upgrade

T. Bolzonella, H. Zohm, M. Maraschek, E. Martines, S. Saarelma, S. Günter

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High frequency coherent magnetic fluctuations related to the type I edge localized mode (ELM) cycle have been found in ASDEX Upgrade. Typical frequencies are in the range 300-500 kHz, and the poloidal mode number, m, measured at the outboard midplane, is estimated to be 10-15. These MHD modes are present in many low density (low collisionality) discharges, while they have not been found in high density ones yet. New findings on already known low frequency type I ELM precursors confirm that in ASDEX Upgrade type I ELM mode precursors are normally phase locked to the wall in discharges with NBI heating parallel to and in the direction of the plasma current (co-injection) and can be seen with a non-zero rotation frequency only in shots with anti-parallel NBI (counter-injection). Additional information is given by ECE data. The existence of low and high frequency MHD events suggests an interpretation in the framework of the peeling-ballooning model. The high frequency magnetic activity seems to be related strictly to the increase in (and eventual saturation of) edge electron temperature, while low frequency modes are related directly to the ELM crash itself.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)-
JournalPlasma Physics and Controlled Fusion
Issue number5 SUPPL. A
Publication statusPublished - 2004
Externally publishedYes


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Bolzonella, T., Zohm, H., Maraschek, M., Martines, E., Saarelma, S., & Günter, S. (2004). High frequency MHD activity related to type I ELMs in ASDEX Upgrade. Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, 46(5 SUPPL. A), -. https://doi.org/10.1088/0741-3335/46/5A/015