High power RF components for the IBW experiment on FTU

G.L. Ravera, C. Castaldo, R. Cesario, S. Lupini, S. Podda, G.B. Righetti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


The ion Bernstein wave (IBW) experiment on the Frascati Tokamak upgrade (FTU) is aimed at heating the plasma bulk ions by utilising the mode-conversion of lower hybrid (LH) waves coupled by two waveguides' antennas. The results show that the antennas couple the useful LH wave and that moderate effects of non-linear physics occur in the edge. The toroidal magnetic field of 7.9 T, at the working frequency of 433 MHz, locates the fourth ion cyclotron harmonic of the hydrogen at one third of the minor radius. The maximum power density achieved of 1.5 kW/cm2, in agreement with the trend of the performances of the LH experiments operating at higher frequency, represents the record of the power handling capability in this range of low frequency. The RF system is powered by two klystrons connected to standard rigid coaxial lines which feed the antenna through coaxial to waveguide transitions. This paper reports the design and construction criteria of the tight vacuum window and the design of a new coaxial-waveguide transition able to operate at high RF power (0.3 MW and VSWR = 4). Then new facilities will be described, consisting in the automatic cycle necessary for conditioning the waveguide launcher and the protection module that prevents the antenna by high levels of power reflected from the plasma. © 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)686 - 692
Number of pages7
JournalFusion Engineering and Design
Issue number5-14
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2007
Externally publishedYes


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Ravera, G. L., Castaldo, C., Cesario, R., Lupini, S., Podda, S., & Righetti, G. B. (2007). High power RF components for the IBW experiment on FTU. Fusion Engineering and Design, 82(5-14), 686 - 692. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fusengdes.2007.05.067