High-resolution geological model of the gravitational deformation affecting the western slope of Mt. Epomeo (Ischia)

Marta Della Seta, Carlo Esposito, Gian Marco Marmoni, Salvatore Martino, Antonella Paciello, Cristina Perinelli, Gianluca Sottili

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Abstract

The recent geological history of Ischia Island is characterized by slope-scale gravitational deformations closely related to volcano-tectonic dynamics of the Mt. Epomeo resurgent caldera. This study focuses on the gravitational deformation that involves alkali-trachytic lava and trachytic ignimbrite flow-units of Mt. Nuovo, located in the western portion of Mt. Epomeo. A preliminary, high-resolution engineering-geological model was obtained through geological, geomorphological and geophysical surveys and reveals a complex morpho-structure with geomorphological evidence of gravitational instability. The complexity of the ongoing slope deformations is confirmed by field geo-structural evidences that led to the identification of a multiple compound mechanism with a main rupture surface which is about 200 m deep. This geometry was better constrained by passive seismic investigations consisting in noise measurements, focused on resonance frequencies of the soil (i.e. based on H/V Nakamura approach). In addition, a close relationship between the outcrop of Mt. Epomeo Green Tuff breccia layers and the distribution of hydrothermal emissions and gas vent can be inferred, as it is related to the higher permeability of the breccia layers with respect to the main Mt. Epomeo Green Tuff flow unit, where the ascent path of deep hydrothermal fluids developed along faults and fracture networks.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)104 - 108
Number of pages5
JournalRendiconti Online Societa Geologica Italiana
Volume35
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2015
Externally publishedYes

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geology

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