High-temperature stability of Ag film grown on Ni-Cr substrate

A. Vannozzi, A. Di Zenobio, G. Celentano, G. Giunchi, C. Orecchia, A. Rufoloni

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The behaviour of Ag films grown on Ni-Cr substrate subjected to high-temperature annealing was studied to determine their microstructural, mechanical and chemical stability. Several buffer layers, including native oxide, MgO, CeO2 and Pd, were used to hinder Ag film degradation. Ag films, as well as the employed buffer layers, were deposited by e-beam evaporation. Ag film thickness ranged from tenths up to several m. The main degradation of the Ag film after annealing in air is the formation of micrometric holes by film dewetting. The behaviour of films grown on oxidized Ni-Cr is in broad agreement with results reported in literature, whereas the use of either MgO or CeO2 layers strongly suppressed hole formation. Both oxides, and particularly the latter, were demonstrated to be effective barriers against Ni and Cr diffusion towards the Ag layer. However, these architectures showed poor adhesion and blister formation occurred. Moreover, severe delamination in long samples was observed. The use of an additional Pd layer prior to Ag film deposition was revealed to be beneficial for both dewetting suppression and film adhesion enhancement.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1277 - 1290
Number of pages14
JournalPhilosophical Magazine
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2008
Externally publishedYes


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Vannozzi, A., Di Zenobio, A., Celentano, G., Giunchi, G., Orecchia, C., & Rufoloni, A. (2008). High-temperature stability of Ag film grown on Ni-Cr substrate. Philosophical Magazine, 88(9), 1277 - 1290. https://doi.org/10.1080/14786430801941816