Holocene Sea-Level Rise Recorded by a Radiocarbon-Dated Mussel in a Submerged Speleothem beneath the Mediterranean Sea

Fabrizio Antonioli, Marco Oliverio

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Fossil shells of the boring mussel Lithophaga lithophaga provide a means for dating changes in relative sea level. These bivalves, being among the first colonizers of bare calcareous substrates, can mark the earliest stages of marine submergence of caves. Here we report data concerning the deepest submerged speleothem presently sampled in a temperate area, at 48 m below present sea level off the west coast of Italy (Mediterranean Sea). A fossil mussel shell beneath encrusting layers from later marine colonists gave an AMS age of 9580 ± 3514C yr B.P. (10,253 ± 72 cal yr B.P.). © 1996 University of Washington.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)241 - 244
Number of pages4
JournalQuaternary Research
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1996
Externally publishedYes


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Earth-Surface Processes
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

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