HR-MAS NMR metabolic profiling, furosine and (E)-10-Hydroxy-2-decenoic acid for qualitative and geographical discrimination of royal jelly

Maria Cristina Messia, Anatoli P Sobolev, Ana Maria Gómez-Caravaca, Raffaele Lamanna, Irene D'Amico, Maria Fiorenza Caboni, Emanuele Marconi, Luisa Mannina

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Freshness and authenticity of Chinese and Italian royal jelly samples were investigated by means of HPLC determination of furosine and (E)-10-hydroxy-2- decenoic acid. In addition, High Resolution Magic Angle Spinning Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (HR-MAS NMR) spectroscopy was used to determine the metabolic profile of the same royal jelly samples. water-soluble metabolites such as amino acids and sugars as well as fatty acids were identified in the same experiment. A combined approach including NMR analytical profile together with HPLC measured markers was used to discriminate between Italian and Chinese samples by means of Principal Component Analysis. © IBRA 2013.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)141 - 148
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Apicultural Research
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Insect Science

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