Hydrogen production by flue gas through sulfur-iodine thermochemical process: Economic and energy evaluation

Raffaele Liberatore, Michela Lanchi, Giampaolo Caputo, Claudio Felici, Alberto Giaconia, Salvatore Sau, Pietro Tarquini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)


The use of low quality fossil fuel with high sulfur content is becoming more frequent and probably will play a very important role in the future, due to the depletion of reserves. Combustion of this kind of fuels results in the production of SO2containing flue gas. Obviously, because of its toxicity, and the possibility of deposition in the environment by acid rains, SO2release into the atmosphere is not permitted, if not within the range of the legal limits. A modified configuration of the Sulfur-Iodine thermochemical cycle could be suitable to treat exhaust flue gases produced by combustion of sulfur-containing fuels. It results in significant cost savings in comparison with conventional sulfur recovery methods. In addition, the production of concentrated sulfuric acid and hydrogen, which are the process outputs, can lead to a significant revenue. In this paper an accurate energy and economic analysis is presented for the modified sulphur-iodine cycle as a sulfur recovery method from SO2containing flue gases coming from combustion of sulfur-containing fuels. The technical economic feasibility of this new process is compared with existing processes. © 2012, Hydrogen Energy Publications, LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8939 - 8953
Number of pages15
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2012


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

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