Hydromethane: A bridge towards the hydrogen economy or an unsustainable promise?

Carlo Villante, Antonino Genovese

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Last decade enthusiasm about hydrogen-based economy on FC has partially been lost and spotlight is now back on using pure hydrogen or hydrogen mixtures in ICE. Pure hydrogen use in spark ignition (SI) ICE requires a dedicated engine design to optimize the high speed flame and the high pressure and temperature inside the combustion chamber. But, on the other end, may lead to high exhaust emissions of nitrogen oxides NOx. Moreover, hydrogen fueled vehicles also suffer of a very low mileage due to the very low energy density of the fuel, since hydrogen as a compressed gas at 200 atmospheres and ambient temperature has around 5% of the energy of gasoline of the same volume. All these motivations, together with the now capillary diffusion of natural gas (NG) distribution for residential and transportation purposes (especially in Europe) is making more and more interesting the option of H2using as an additive to natural gas: NG powered vehicles, in fact, reached a very high maturity with high reliability and environmental performances. In recent years experimentations were conducted in many laboratories and research centers to verify the positive effects of hydrogen when blended with natural gas. The maturity achieved by H2-NG mixtures is also stated by commercialized gas which is available in USA with the registered trademark of Hythane®(a mixture of 20% H2-80% NG in volume). In this paper the hydro-methane option is fully outlined, a complete energy analysis and environmental sustainability is realized, considering all the main possible options available in mixture production and final use. © 2012, Hydrogen Energy Publications, LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11541 - 11548
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Volume37
Issue number15
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2012

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

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